This one crucial feature is missing in Bluetooth 5

By Mohammad Afaneh | June 17, 2016 | 0 Comments

Bluetooth 5 Bluetooth has been around for almost 2 decades, and if you haven’t heard of Bluetooth then you’ve probably been living under a rock! 🙂 The last major version of Bluetooth (version 4.0) was released back in 2010. There have been major changes in the wireless and electronics industry since then -with the Internet of Things (IoT) being the “next big thing”. Bluetooth 4.0 introduced BLE (Bluetooth low energy) which has been a major player in two areas: the wearable industry and beacons (e.g. iBeacons, Eddystone…etc). It has enabled many other IoT technologies as well including industrial and enterprise applications. On June, 16th, 2016 the Bluetooth SIG (the body behind the Bluetooth standard) formally announced the next major release: Bluetooth 5. The actual release date…

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BLE connection intervals and events in under 5 minutes

By Mohammad Afaneh | May 28, 2016 | 0 Comments

  Understand BLE connection intervals and events in under 5 minutes A BLE connection interval is the time between two data transfer events (BLE connection events) between the central and the peripheral device. The theoretical value ranges from 7.5 ms to 4 secs (with increments of 1.25 ms). A few notes regarding BLE connection intervals: The connection is established with the interval parameter value set by the master (central) device. However, the peripheral may suggest/request different values. The master still has the final say in the values and may end up choosing values different than but closer to the requested values. However, this feature allows dynamic changes in the connection interval (and thus the throughput speed) during a connection which may address a need in larger…

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The basics of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)

By Mohammad Afaneh | May 6, 2016 | 3 Comments

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a low power wireless technology used for connecting devices with each other. BLE operates in the 2.4 GHz ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical) band, and is targeted towards applications that need to consume less power and may need to run on batteries for longer periods of time—months, and even years. Bluetooth started as a short-distance cable replacement technology. For example, to replace wires in devices such as a mouse, keyboard, or a PC communicating with a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) which were popular in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The first official version of Bluetooth was released by Ericsson in 1994, named after King Harald “Bluetooth” Gormsson of Denmark who helped unify warring factions in the 10th century CE. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), however, was introduced in the…

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An honest review of Bluetooth Developer Studio (BDS)

By Mohammad Afaneh | April 18, 2016 | 1 Comment

What is Bluetooth Developer Studio? Bluetooth Developer Studio (BDS) was officially released by the Bluetooth SIG back in October 2015. It allows you to focus on the high-level design of your Bluetooth low energy devices, whether it’s a central or peripheral device. It offers a clean and simple interface where you can drag and drop profiles, services and characteristics to design your system. This is very useful because you can start designing your system before even deciding what your target platform will be. It consists of two main views: Designer view: used to design the system and grants access to the adopted, custom and local profiles, services, characteristics, and descriptors. Workbench view: used primarily for virtual (emulated on the PC) and physical testing (requires a special USB…

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